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In the 19th century and a large part of the 20th century, chemistry was concerned in part with molecules and their construction from atoms using covalent bond making and breaking processes (synthesis) as well as developments of physical and theoretical methods and methodologies. During the second half of the 20th century, through the developments of supramolecular chemistry, the use of non-covalent interactions as a powerful tool for the design and generation of associative molecular architectures was fully recognised. One may foresee that a significant part of the Chemistry of 21st century will deal with programmed functional chemical or biological complex systems partially based on non-covalent interactions. These systems will integrate, within designed architectures, informed molecular components capable of achieving specific tasks not necessarily present at the level of components but generated upon their organisation. Through further developments of supramolecular synthesis and self-assembly processes, the supramolecular approach will be at the heart of the design and fabrication of complex chemical and biological systems. The complexity of these systems will closely depend on the organisation of subunits in space (structural complexity), interactions between them (functional complexity) and time dependence (temporal complexity). The design, generation and understanding of functional chemical and/or biological complex systems require to bring together expertise belonging to different domains such as synthesis, physical chemistry, supramolecular chemistry, biological chemistry and biophysics, materials chemistry, theoretical chemistry and chemical informatics. In order to stand the competition both at the national and international levels in this upcoming and challenging area, the research unit (UMR Unistra-CNRS 7140, Chemistry of Complex Matter) brings together high level multidisciplinary and complementary approaches and expertise dealing with molecular and supramolecular synthesis, molecular and supramolecular solid chemistry, in particular molecular tectonics, physical chemistry such as spectroscopy and mass spectrometry, theoretical chemistry and chemo informatics. The goal of the research unit is to generate fundamental and applied knowledge through high quality research dealing with complex matter and its transfer to students and researchers through targeted education and training.


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